Laparoscopic or “minimally invasive” surgery is a specialized technique for performing surgery. In traditional “open”
surgery the surgeon uses a single incision to enter into the abdomen. The size of this incision depends on the organ to be
operated and may vary from few inches to even 10 inches. But in laparoscopic surgery, we make few 0.5-1cm incisions.
Each incision is called a “port.”
At each port, a tubular instrument known as a trochar is inserted.
Specialized instruments and a special camera known as a laparoscope are passed through the trochars during the procedure.
At the beginning of the procedure, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to provide a working and
viewing space for the surgeon. The laparoscope transmits images from the abdominal cavity to high-resolution
video monitors in the operating room. During the operation,
the surgeon watches detailed images of the abdomen on the monitor. This system allows the surgeon to perform
the same operations as traditional surgery but with smaller incisions.