INGUINAL AND ABDOMINAL HERNIA

INGUINAL AND ABDOMINAL HERNIA


Gall stone and CBD stone,inguinal and abdominal hernia,appendectomy,acid reflux and hiatus hernia,bariatric surgery,emergency,Laparoscopic surgery,laser surgery for piles, fissure & fistula,surgery for varicocele,Other general surgical conditions
GALL STONE AND CBBD STONE ,INGUINAL AND ABDOMINAL HERNIA,APPENDECTOMY,ACID REFLUX AND HIATUS HERNIA,BARIATRIC SURGERY,EMERGENCY,LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY,LASER SURGERY FOR PILES,FISSURE & FISTULA,SURGERY FOR VARICOCELE,OTHER GENERAL SURGICAL CONDITIONS

Gallstone disease may be thought of as having the following four stages:

Asymptomatic gallstones

Symptomatic gallstones, characterized by episodes of biliary colic

Complicated cholelithiasis

Symptoms and complications of gallstone disease result from effects occurring within the gallbladder or from stones that escape the gallbladder to lodge in the common bile duct.

Asymptomatic gallstones
Gallstones may be present in the gallbladder for decades without causing symptoms or complications. In patients with asymptomatic gallstones discovered incidentally, the likelihood of developing symptoms or complications is 1%-2% per year. In most cases, asymptomatic gallstones do not require any treatment.

Because they are common, gallstones often coexist with other gastrointestinal conditions. There is little evidence to support a causal association between gallstones and chronic abdominal pain, heartburn, postprandial distress, bloating, flatulence, constipation, or diarrhea.

Dyspepsia that occurs reproducibly following ingestion of fatty foods is often wrongly attributed to gallstones, when irritable bowel syndrome or gastroesophageal reflux is the true culprit. Gallstones discovered during an evaluation for nonspecific symptoms are usually innocent bystanders, and treatment directed at the gallstones is unlikely to relieve these symptoms.